Village of Bamburgh is the ancient capital of Northumbria and the cradle
of the regions history, famous for the magnificent castle that dominates
the Saxon monarch and founder of the dynasty of Northumbria kings, first
built a castle here in the 5th century. In the years that followed the
settlement was named 'Bebbanburgh', after Bebba, the wife of Ida's grandson.
Oswald, a convert to Christianity, spent some of his early years in exile
on the Scottish island of Iona. When he regained the Northumbria throne,
he sent to the monastery there for monks to spread the gospelthroughout
his lands. In AD635 , Aidan and Oswald built
the kingdoms first first church in Bamburgh, propably on the site of the
present church, which was built between 1170 and 1230.
the priory on nearby Lindisfarne (Holy Island), the first castle suffered
from numerous Viking raids and was rebuilt in 11th century, reaching its
present magnificence in1272.
Bamburgh Castle built onto the natural rock
A formidable castle
Photo by Colin Thompson
later centuries it fell into dispair, Lord Crewe, the last of the Prince
Bishops of Durham, bought the castle in 1704, creating a charity school
for girls there. But the Trustees fell into financial difficulties and
it was bought as a private residence in 1894 by William, 1st Lord Armstrong.
Restored to its former proud state, the castle has remained the family's
home since then.
village of Bamburgh is the last resting place of Northumbria's most famous
heroine, Grace Darling. She was born in 1815, daughter of the keeper of
the longstone lighthouse on the Farne Islands. On the night of 7 September
1838, in a severe storm, the Forfarshire,a a steamship bound for Dundee
with 39 passengers, was swept onto the rocks of Big Harcar, one of the
outer Farnes. Grace and her father rowed a boat through the howling gale
and lashing rain to the scene of the wreck, and succeeded in rescuing
nine passengers. She was claimed by tuberculosis in 1842 and was buried
in Bamburgh churchyard, opposite the museum that commemorates this young